EV Terms and Definitions
Get Yourself EVucated
In some ways owning an EV requires learning a whole new lingo. As it involves tech and in such a new industry it’s bound to continue creating a language of its own. The terms defined here will get you started with the basics and you can be sure we’ll be tackling EV acronyms next.
Battery Management System
Manages/protects the battery by monitoring the rate of charge, balancing and temperature of each cell.
The male and female receptacles that connect the EV to a charger.
Charging Station, Charging Point or Charge Point
Any location where an EV can be charged.
Combined Charging System
A method of quickly charging EVs using a specialized electric connection which combines the inlets for AC and DC using shared communications pins.
Routes built specifically for EV traffic, utilizing the most accessible charging stations. Very new in concept and only a few currently exist.
Ebike or E-bike
Any electric powered bicycle, cycle or scooter.
Essentially charging as you go. This method requires high-powered Level 3 chargers to be at all effective and is more often used for trips over longer distances.
Etaxi or E-taxi
Any electric powered taxi or rickshaw.
Another name for Level 2 AC charging (using a 240V outlet) and can charge up to 15% faster than Level 1 trickle charging (roughly 3-4 hours).
Simply means charging your EV at home, generally using a dedicated Level 1 or Level 2 charging point.
A car which integrates a small battery with an electric motor to enhance the efficiency of an internal combustion engine. The electric motor is not used for propulsion and cannot be charged by external means.
When an vehicle with an internal combustion engine (ICE) is parked at a chargepoint, rendering it useless.
What you call someone with an internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle who parks in a space reserved for EVs.
A term directed at internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles.
Level 1 Charging
Also called Trickle Charging and provides alternating current (AC) energy to the vehicle’s onboard charger. Uses a standard 120V outlet and will fully charge an EV in +/-18 hours.
Level 2 Charging
Also called Fast Charging and provides alternating current (AC) energy to the vehicle’s onboard charger. Uses a standard 240V outlet (often used for large home appliances) and will fully charge an EV much faster than Level 1 (closer to 2-3 hours).
Level 3 Charging
Also called Rapid Charging and provides direct current (DC) energy directly to the vehicle’s battery (bypassing the onboard charger). Level 3 chargers can only be found in public or corridor chargers and charge using a min 24kW and a max of 160kW. Can charge an EV to roughly 80% capacity in half an hour.
A rechargeable battery commonly used to power everything from smartphones to EVs.
Off Peak Charging
Charging during off-peak hours when the cost and demand for energy is at its lowest.
Stress caused by anxiety over running your EV out of power before reaching a destination.
The Rapid Charge Paradox
The ironic realization that EV drivers often have to wait in line to use rapid (Level 3) chargers. Thus rendering them… less rapid.
Another name for Level 3 DC charging, which is only found in public or corridor chargers and is especially useful for long-distance travel. In half an hour it can charge an EV to roughly 80% capacity.
Similar to a transmission for EVs, reduction gears reduce the high rotational speed of an electric engine and converts it allowing the vehicle to slow when you lift off the accelerator.
An energy recovery mechanism which uses kinetic energy from application of the breaks to recharge the battery.
A home charging option that is faster than trickle charging. This requires dedicated (smart) hardware to convert a standard outlet. Technically this is also considered Level 1 AC charging, which uses a 120V outlet.
A broad term encompassing the wifi functions performed at a connected charge point.
Top up Charging
The practice of charging your EV whenever given the opportunity of a convenient charge spot.
Another name for Level 1 AC charging (using a 120V outlet) which can take up to 18 hours to fully charge an EV.
You know know the basics of EVs and chargers. If we are missing an essential term, please let us know. Otherwise stay tuned for our EV acronyms coming your way next.